CERTIFICATES
1-Butene is an organic chemical compound, linear alpha-olefin (alkene), and one of the isomers of butene. The formula is C4H8.

Stability

1-Butene is stable in itself but polymerizes exothermically. It is highly flammable and readily forms explosive mixtures with air. It is, however, incompatible with metal salts, fluorine and other halogens, nitrogen oxides, boron trifluoride, hydrohalic acids, and strong oxidizing agents.

1,3-Butadiene is a simple conjugated diene with the formula C4H6. It is an important industrial chemical used as a monomer in the production of synthetic rubber. When the word butadiene is used, most of the time it refers to 1,3-butadiene.

The name butadiene can also refer to the isomer, 1,2-butadiene, which is a cumulated diene. However, this allene is difficult to prepare and has no industrial significance. This diene is also not expected to act as a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction due to its structure. To effect a Diels-Alder reaction only a conjugated diene will suffice.


Acrylonitrile is a chemical compound with the formula C3H3N. This colorless liquid often appears yellow due to impurities. It is an important monomer for the manufacture of useful plastics such as polyacrylonitrile.


Camelina sativa is an oil seeded plant belonging to the Brassicaceae family. It can be cultivated both in winter and spring season, having a remarkable capacity to adapt and resist to difficult climate conditions. Camelina oil has many applications in different
fields. The main areas of research for camelina uses are: biofuel production, animal feed and biopolymer industry.